International Law

Sudan Chaos (2023): The Epitome of Human Rights Violation

The conflict in Sudan rose to a new level in 2023 when the power struggle between two rival factions Sudan Armed Forces (SAF) and the Rapid Support Forces (RSF), took a violent turn. This resulted in extreme human rights violations. The Sudanese army, led by de facto leader General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan, is in constant …

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Minnesota’s Criminal Justice: Erasing Minor Marijuana Offenses for Equity

Minnesota will soon remove the lower-level marijuana convictions after the legalization of medical marijuana. It will be the 23rd state to do so, and the process of this criminal justice has already begun. In a significant stride towards cannabis reform, the state House and Senate have given their respective approvals to distinct versions of a …

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Environmental Migration: Protecting Migrants Amid Sea Level Rise

Climate change-induced rising sea levels is causing significant impacts on coastal communities worldwide, leading to climate-induced environmental migration. As sea levels continue to rise, people are forced to leave their homes and seek refuge in other areas. The UN’s refugee agency, UNHCR, reports an annual average of 21.5 million people were forcibly displaced due to …

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Role of Criminal Law in Holding Russia Accountable for War Crimes in Ukraine

The conflict in Ukraine has witnessed widespread war crimes and crimes against humanity, which demand accountability and justice. Understanding the gravity of these international crimes is crucial for prosecuting perpetrators and bringing high-ranking officials to justice. This article explores the atrocities committed in Ukraine, the ongoing investigations, the importance of evidence gathering, and the potential …

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Sweden Incident: Testing Freedom of Religion Constitution in International Law

The Quran burning incident in Stockholm has garnered international attention, sparked widespread protests, and ignited a contentious debate on freedom of expression. The incident has underscored the tensions between Muslims and non-Muslims in the country. It has raised crucial questions about the limits of freedom of expression and freedom of religion constitution in a multicultural …

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Higher Education and Affirmative Action: A Comparison between the Policies of Brazil, India, and Malaysia

The US Supreme Court recently made a ruling that effectively overturned university policies on affirmative action in the country. The ruling has ignited a new debate globally about affirmative action programs in general, whether they do an adequate job of equalizing oppressed societal groups, and whether alternative kinds of policies might be preferable. Although each …

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The War in Ukraine: International Criminal Justice and Regulatory Constraints

The incursion of Russia into Ukraine’s territories has led to the commission of international infractions, potentially prosecutable under the prevailing international legal framework, bar the crime of aggression. Due to the International Criminal Court’s (ICC) lack of jurisdiction over the crime of aggression in Ukraine, and the International Court of Justice’s (ICJ) ruling preventing third …

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The Rising Role of International Law in Climate Change: A Decade in Review

Climate change has emerged as a global crisis that transcends borders, making it a focal point in international law over the past decade. Unprecedented weather events, increased global temperatures, and rising sea levels have amplified the urgent call to address this existential threat. Central to this discussion is the legal framework that governs climate action …

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